Friday, 31 March 2017

Towards a Congress Mukt Bharat?

BJP President Amit Shah clarified about a year ago that his party's vision of a 'Congress mukt Bharat' (Congress free India) meant a break from the decades of disorder under the Congress and not just getting rid of the political party. As it stands now, I strongly believe that the people of India have embraced the idea wholeheartedly. 

Illustrating the point is the evolution of the political landscape of India as shown below. To the left is the landscape as it stood in June 2013 and to the right is the landscape as of March 2017. Witness how BJP (yellow) - singly or in coalition- is rapidly overrunning not only the Congress (Green), but even regional parties (Blue). 

Political Landscape of India (June 2013 v March 2017)

Admittedly, BJP's unprecedented victory in the Lok Sabha elections in 2014 confounded all expectations (including mine). However, since then the party has dramatically expanded its footprint across India. Not only has it captured several key states, it has made significant inroads in states like Manipur, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala, where it never even had a presence hitherto. Factors like "polarisation" of the electorate or even caste equations cannot adequately explain this phenomenon. The very fact that BJP won in Muslim dominated constituencies in Uttar Pradesh (UP) goes to prove that old electoral logic equations no longer hold true.

The one common thread across all BJP wins has been the fact that they appealed to aspirations rather than fears or grievances. For example, the very first sentence of their election manifesto for UP emphasised "Change", "Development" and "Empowerment". Having interacted with people from nearly every strata of society over the last year or so, I can testify to the desire for a change, for empowerment rather than entitlement. It is precisely this sentiment that the party has repeatedly tapped into. Nearly every other political party speaks the old language of identity or freebies.

Modi: The Disruptor

I do not deny even for a moment that identity politics might have contributed at the individual constituency level. Nonetheless, it is self-serving and patronising to put down BJP's electoral successes to that factor alone. Opponents and political 'pundits' seem unable or unwilling to grasp the fact that BJP has created an electoral space that's exclusively its own through the promise of good governance and better opportunities.

The simple reality is that India is a land of aspirations where the people are tired of the old way of doing things after decades of being denied even the most basic governance. One party has repeatedly promised a break from the past and the electorate has voted on its feet. Congress mukt Bharat is no longer an electoral catchphrase- it is what the people of India want today. Those who comes to terms with changed realities will survive. The rest will be consigned to the dustbin of history.

Monday, 15 August 2016

Congratulations Mr. Vijay Goel

Dear Mr. Goel,

Let me start off by congratulating you and your team of officials. You have managed to travel across the world to Brazil, that too by business class, all of that on someone's else's money! Middle class Indians like us cannot dream of doing that, even on economy class. 

And talking of economy class, I presume you're aware that some (if not all) of our atheletes had to travel by economy class. Why, most of them were not even allowed to bring their personal trainers/ physios with them. You and your officials did a tremendous job of cutting down costs, especially since the funds came from taxpayers' money. If everyone starts travelling by business class, like your officials, that would be a huge strain on our country's economy. Thank you very much for the cost saving. 

Believe me Mr. Goel, I am quite jealous of you and your officials. India's medal tally, as I write, stands at zero and not a question has been asked, much less even a word spoken about you or any of your officials losing their jobs. Lesser mortals like us, who have to justify the salary we earn, would have long since been fired for much less. You and your officials, despite such an embarrassing performance do not need to answer any questions. Pardon me Sir, but I am green with envy.

I know that its just over a month since you assumed office and that you personally deserve little credit for the performance of our atheletes at Rio. Nonetheless, judging by your selfie spree and the controversy over the conduct of your entourage, I have little doubt that you will uphold India's glorious sporting traditions. Hopefully, some day India would have won as many olympic medals as Phelps. That would be a fantastic achievement, isn't it?

Let me make a small suggestion that would not only help preserve our glorious tradition, but also save a lot of taxpayers' money: boycott olympic games in the future! I know that you and your officials would lose out on a free vacation, but surely, other avenues can be found. 

Congratulations and thank you once again. Keep up the good work Mr. Goel. Your officials have successfully managed to make India an object of derision every olympics and I am confident they will continue doing so under your leadership.

A Middle Class Indian.

Monday, 1 August 2016

Open Letter to Devendra Fadnavis

Dear Devendraji,

I trust that the plentiful monsoon that Maharashtra is currently experiencing would have brought you and your government some much needed relief. I fully understand and appreciate the mess you inherited after 15 years of poor governance and back to back droughts in your first two years in power. I also appreciate that its less than two years since you assumed power, and so it is too early to comment on the work being done by your government.

Nonetheless, the work being done under the Jalyukta Shivar Yojna is commendable. Hopefully droughts will indeed be a thing of the past in a few years time. The work done by your government on reducing the number of clearances required to start a business has been tremendous. The urban infrastructure projects your government is expediting will hopefully improve the quality of life in urban Maharashtra. Given all those facts, there is reason to cheer.

Having said that, I fear there are significant areas of concern that still remain and to be honest, I see little (if anything) being done on that front.

Lets start with the condition of urban roads. Admittedly my perspective is limited to what I have seen in Mumbai. Still, from the little that I see, nothing has improved. The roads in Mumbai still remain potholed. Why, the road outside the lane where I live has depressions that look like craters rather than potholes. I have also seen several spots where paver blocks have come out. I'm sure you're aware of the hundreds of crores lost due to the accidents and time lost due to the resultant traffic jams. We, the people, understand that there are vested interests there. Nonetheless, if the Chief Minister cannot fix the roads in his state capital, what hope does the rest of the state have?

A second issue is that of law and order. From what I hear, nothing has changed on the ground as far as policing is concerned. Its been a decade since the Supreme Court came out with its ruling on police reforms in the Prakash Singh case. Can we, the people of Maharashtra, hope that we will eventually see a police force that's free to do its duty, unhindered by political pressures?

Much the same can be said of the state judiciary. Being a member of the legal fraternity, you have first hand knowledge of the appalling shortage of judges and the extent of corruption in the lower courts. Non-functioning fast track courts hardly augur well for a state that has ambitions of being the best in the country.

And talking of reforms, can we expect that the supreme court directives in the TSR Subramanian case will see the light of day in our state? As the Chief Minister, you certainly know better than anyone else that your government's vision will remain just that until you reform the bureaucracy. If nothing else, it would be in your own interest to implement bureaucratic reforms.

Lastly Mr. Fadnavis, I urge you to give a serious thought to the power situation in our state. Having yourself grown up in a city where power cuts and load shedding are the norm, you can imagine perfectly well the condition of Maharashtrians in smaller towns and villages. I am aware of the fact that your government has sanctioned solar power projects for 87.5 MW. Hopefully, those projects will actually be implemented in the coming years.

I am neither an ardent supporter nor a blind detractor Mr. Chief Minister. Purely as a resident of your state, I request you and your team to give us a better life than previous governments have deemed us fit to enjoy. If you can do that, you have my unquestioned support in 2019- and on this count, I believe I speak for millions of Maharashtrians.


A Proud Maharashtrian.

Friday, 27 May 2016

The Road to Development

I read an article some weeks ago, which stated the highways ministry has built highways at the speed of 17 kms per day over the last year or so. It may look like a mere statistic to city slickers like us, but ask anyone living in the villages what it means, and he's likely to tell you that it could be the difference between abject poverty and a dignified existence.

I realised it from first hand experience about a decade ago, when I was on the way to Satna, from a client's plant. The driver- a native of the nearby village- told me that construction of the road on which we were driving was a Godsend for the village. The villagers were predominantly farmers for whom the road meant easy access to the town market. That was not possible until the construction of the road, which left them entirely at the mercy of middlemen. Apparently, the presence of that road had lifted the people of his village from utter poverty to a relatively comfortable existence in just a generation.

That obscure little village is a small place that's far too insignificant to merit so much as a dot on the map of India. Nevertheless, the story of that village could well be taken as a microcosm of rural India. The importance of a good road network cannot possibly be overstated or exaggerated.

Imagine a situation where your mother or your child has a medical emergency. What would you first do? Rush to the doctor's place, isn't it? Now imagine if that trip is on a kuchha road which is in such pathetic condition that you cannot possibly drive fast. We may have bad roads in our cities, but we have ambulances or at worst, cars as opposed to the open air tractors in which our rural compatriots have to travel. Goodness knows how many people have had their health irreparably damaged while being driven on bumpy roads and how many died because they could not get medical attention in time.

Besides, imagine the impact on the families of the affected. There is, for starters, the loss of a working member of the house or he/ she working at significantly diminished capacity. That in turn would impact the lives of the children- more so if the affected person happens to be the mother.

Another under appreciated aspect is a social one. There are school kids in some backward regions who miss out on school due to the absence of good roads. Even a few kilometres could be a huge distance to travel if there is no connecting road. If travelling the distance on a daily basis is daunting, dropouts/ non-enrollment could become common. As you can imagine, girl children would be the first to be affected. Godness knows how many talented people have been lost over the years due to the absence of good roads.

Construction of highways also opens up new avenues in the form of food courts and hotels along the route, which would not only benefit entrepreneurs, but also generate employment for the local populace. There is also the fact that highways give a boost to sectors like tourism and logistics, which in turn would generate demand for derivative services like banking and insurance. 

In short, the construction of highways has a multiplier effect on the economy. For every mile of excellent roads, there are scores of people whose lives have been profoundly changed for the better.

And so the next time you drive down the highway, just remember that it isn't merely a smooth road for your vehicle to ply on. It is the road to India's development.

This the updated version of an article of mine that appeared in the now defunct website in April 2012

Thursday, 19 May 2016

Congress Bags a Pair

Today, 19th May 2016 could prove a historic day in the evolution of the political landscape in India. Having had a track record for getting predictions spectacularly wrong, I believe that for once, I have reason to myself pat myself in the back. 

About eighteen months ago, I had said in this very blog that we might be witnessing the beginning of the end for the Indian National Congress. Today's election results confirm the trend. The Congress has lost power in Assam and Kerala. The opportunistic alliances it forged with DMK in Tamil Nadu and its leftist partners in West Bengal have both bitten the dust. Just as significantly, BJP has made inroads in states like Assam and Kerala, where it has historically never even had a presence.

There is not the least doubt now, that the BJP is rapidly coming to occupy the position that the Congress once did. The 'grand old' party is rapidly descending into the dustbin of history. Only a miracle can save it now. 

To explain my point, I have given below the political map of India as it stood in July 2013 (With apologies for my designing skills- or rather the lack thereof). The green shade denotes states ruled by the Congress either singly or in coalition back then. The states shaded in Orange were ruled by BJP- either singly or in coalition. The ones in Red were communist ruled state, while those in blue were ruled by other parties.

Map 1: Political Landscape of India (2013)

Witness the pre-dominantly green (Congress ruled) landscape, with the odd smattering of Orange (BJP Ruled) as of July 2013. BJP had just ceded Karnataka to Congress at the time and it was just a few weeks since Nitish Kumar had broken off his alliance with them. 

Contrast that with the political landscape as it stands today. Witness how the BJP (Orange) has assumed power- singly or in coalition- all the way from Kashmir to Goa, while Congress now retains only one major state (I have shaded Andhra Pradesh in Blue, even though the BJP is part of the ruling alliance there).

Map 2: Political Landscape of India (2016)

The situation could soon turn much worse for the Congress due to two factors. One, north-eastern states tend to swing in favour of the party in power at the centre. With Assam gone, it is perfectly possible that other north-eastern states will follow suit (elections in most north-eastern states are due in 2017-18). Two, popular dissatisfaction in Karnataka, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh- the remaining states where it is still in power- could see the party suffer reverses there too. Sonia Gandhi & Co have their task cut out if they are to even remain in the race leading up to 2019.

The shrinking electoral footprint naturally means that the numerical superiority which the Congress currently enjoys in Rajya Sabha- the main reason why they still remain relevant in national politics- will erode even further in 2017, when many current members will lay down office, to be replaced by nominees from states no longer controlled by the party.

To be sure, temporary downturns in fortunes are not unusual in politics. However, the Congress is experiencing something far more serious than a cyclical phenomenon. It has historically never managed to win back any major state where it lost power (The only exception being Maharashtra, but there too, the Congress was the single biggest party when it lost power in 1995). Out of the 10 electorally most important states (which account for 382 out of 543 seats in the Lok Sabha), Karnataka is the only state where they are in power. 

Political Landscape of India (2013 v 2016)

Dig deeper, and the situation looks even worse. In five out of the remaining nine states, they have not been in power for at least two decades now. In Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh (lost in 2014), anti-Congress sentiment is strong after a decade of corruption and misgovernance. Chances of their regaining power in those states are pretty slim. It does not help that they do not have a single prominent leader in any of those states, thanks to the vice like grip exercised by the party's first family.

In fact the first family has successfully ensured that no other leader of stature has risen in its ranks, which means that they alone will have to shoulder the burden of turning around the party's fortunes. To say that their prospects are bleak would be optimistic, struggling as they are with a fragmented leadership distributed between an aged matriarch and a man who seems to have neither the aptitude nor the desire for it.

Writing on this subject in November 2014, I had said "Whisper it if you may, but we may be witnessing the beginning of the end of the Congress,". You can say it out loud now.

Sunday, 24 April 2016

Open Letter to Kanhaiya Kumar

Dear Kanhaiyaji,

It was with no little amusement that I read about your supposed altercation in the flight earlier today. Having claimed that a co-passenger on the flight to Pune attempted to strangle you, you went on to allege that he is a BJP supporter. Not content with that, you went on to express your dissatisfaction with the manner in which Jet Airways handled the situation.

Unfortunately for you, preliminary investigations reveal that there was a scuffle between you and the accused Manas Deka. The police version suggests that the scuffle was magnified into an attempt at strangulation. Not only that, it appears that you refused to file a police complaint, despite repeated requests to do so. If there's any truth in these statements (and there's little reason to doubt that they are true), you appear in pretty poor light.

Personally, I find it increasingly difficult to take you seriously. After all, you are the same person who claims that the present government is attempting to stifle dissent, never mind the fact that you freely move around the country and denounce that very government repeatedly on public fora. Ironies seldom came thicker. I would love to ask you whether you would have had the guts to denounce the government of the day had you been living in a communist country like the Soviet Union or China.

Kanhaiya Kumar

I would also like to know where a student living on a government scholarship, who claims that his family survives on Rs. 3,000 a month, gets the money to go flying across the country the way you do. I assuredly had to think twice before doing so at your age- and I had been a working professional for several years then.

If you are indeed concerned about the poor and downtrodden, I would really like to ask you how you intend to improve their lives. We have seen what three decades of communism did for West Bengal. I sure hope that the poor and downtrodden get a better deal than that.

Lest I too get branded as a 'sanghi', let me clarify that I have absolutely no problem if you intend to become a politician. Just stop claiming that you are only an activist and be honest enough to admit your political ambitions. Frankly, your claims that you intend to become a professor is as credible as Robert Vadra claiming to be a farmer.


A non-sanghi, secular and tolerant Indian.

Tuesday, 22 March 2016

23rd March 1931: A Colossal Loss

Eighty five years after he was hanged to death, Bhagat Singh remains an inspiration to the youth of two countries. While much has been said about Bhagat Singh and his vision of a free and equal society, to my mind there still remains a huge what if. What if Bhagat Singh had lived on?

The idea is not as far fetched as it may sound. Remember, he was not even part of the original conspiracy to throw bombs in the legislative assembly in April 1929. What if the Hindustan Socialist Republic Association had stuck to its original plan? Is it not conceivable that he might have managed to evade arrest? Let us also not forget that he was tried by a special tribunal specifically created for the purpose and that the evidence presented could have very possibly been refuted in an ordinary court of law.

And what if that had come to pass? For sure, Bhagat Singh was an intellectual with a depth of vision and maturity that was astonishing for a young man in his early 20s. Contrary to popular imagination, he was in favour of a mass movement and abhorred violence unless absolutely required. Its not inconceivable that he could have built a mass movement based on the creed of communal harmony and socio-political equality.  He certainly had two essential qualities to lead a mass movement: the ability to inspire others and clarity of vision.

Imagine Bhagat Singh at the vanguard of a socialist movement post independence (he would have been a few weeks short of turning 40 had he been alive on 15th August 1947). Would it be inconceivable that his party could have formed a formidable opposition to the Congress in the years after independence? Indira Gandhi, post 1969, increasingly relied on a socialist plank to gain legitimacy in the eyes of the voter. Could that space not have been appropriated by another truly socialist party? And what if that party had been Bhagat Singh's? 

To be sure, that involves a lot of alternate scenarios, but in an alternate universe, Bhagat Singh could have gone on to become a legendary politician. We might have remembered him today as a former Prime Minister, not as a heroic youth who was martyred at the young age of 23. Admittedly, its unlikely that we would remember him in the same heroic light had that happened- politicians seldom (if ever) enjoy that luxury. Nonetheless, India would have been better served by a selfless and visionary leader like him. Given the cynicism that set in during the Indira Gandhi years, it is possible that Bhagat Singh could have provided an alternate, cleaner model of governance.

My personal view is that the passing away of Bhagat Singh was a colossal loss to India. In an alternate universe, I would have him serve independent India as a visionary leader.